This section describes how the
plugin performs logging and the system variables that control
how logging occurs. It assumes familiarity with the log file
format described in Section 5.10.3, “The Audit Log File”.
When the audit log plugin opens its log file, it checks whether
the XML declaration and opening
root element tag need to be written and writes them if so. When
the audit log plugin terminates, it writes a closing
</AUDIT> tag to the file.
If the log file exists at open time, the plugin checks whether
the file ends with an
</AUDIT> tag and
truncates it if so before writing any
<AUDIT_RECORD> elements. If the log
file exists but does not end with
</AUDIT> or the
</AUDIT> tag cannot be truncated, the
plugin considers the file malformed and fails to initialize.
This can occur if the server crashes or is killed with the audit
log plugin running. No logging occurs until the problem is
rectified. Check the error log for diagnostic information:
[ERROR] Plugin 'audit_log' init function returned error.
To deal with this problem, you must either remove or rename the malformed log file and restart the server.
The MySQL server calls the audit log plugin to write an
<AUDIT_RECORD> element whenever an
auditable event occurs, such as when it completes execution of
an SQL statement received from a client. Typically the first
<AUDIT_RECORD> element written after
server startup has the server description and startup options.
Elements following that one represent events such as client
connect and disconnect events, executed SQL statements, and so
forth. Only top-level statements are logged, not statements
within stored programs such as triggers or stored procedures.
Contents of files referenced by statements such as
INFILE are not logged.
To permit control over how logging occurs, the
audit_log plugin provides several system
variables, described following. For more information, see
Section 5.10.5, “Audit Log Plugin Options and Variables”.
audit_log_file: The name of
the log file. By default, the name is
audit.log in the server data directory.
For security reasons, the audit log file should be written
to a directory accessible only to the MySQL server and users
with a legitimate reason to view the log.
kinds of information the plugin writes. By default, this
variable is set to
ALL (write all
auditable events), but also permits values of
log only login or query events, or
to disable logging.
method used for log writes. By default, the strategy value
ASYNCHRONOUS and the plugin logs
asynchronously to a buffer, waiting if the buffer is full.
It's possible to tell the plugin not to wait
PERFORMANCE) or to log synchronously,
either using file system caching
SEMISYNCHRONOUS) or forcing output with
sync() call after each write request
Asynchronous logging strategy has these characteristics:
Minimal impact on server performance and scalability.
Blocking of threads that generate audit events for the shortest possible time; that is, time to allocate the buffer plus time to copy the event to the buffer.
Output goes to the buffer. Writes from the buffer to the log file are handled by a separate thread.
A disadvantage of
PERFORMANCE strategy is
that it drops events when the buffer is full. For a heavily
loaded server, it is more likely that the audit log will be
With asynchronous logging, the integrity of the log file may
be compromised if a problem occurs during a write to the
file or if the plugin does not shut down cleanly (for
example, in the event that the server host crashes). To
reduce this risk, set
synchronous logging. Regardless of strategy, logging occurs
on a best-effort basis, with no guarantee of consistency.
size of the buffer for asynchronous logging. The plugin uses
a single buffer, which it allocates when it initializes and
removes when it terminates. The plugin allocates this buffer
only if logging is asynchronous.
variables permit audit log file rotation and flushing. The
audit log file has the potential to grow very large and
consume a lot of disk space. To manage the space used,
either enable automatic log rotation, or manually rename the
audit file and flush the log to open a new file. The renamed
file can be removed or backed up as desired.
and there is no log rotation. In this case, the audit log
plugin closes and reopens the log file when the
changes from disabled to enabled. Log file renaming must be
done externally to the server. Suppose that you want to
maintain the three most recent log files, which cycle
through the names
audit.log.3. On Unix, perform rotation
manually like this:
From the command line, rename the current log files:
mv audit.log.2 audit.log.3shell>
mv audit.log.1 audit.log.2shell>
mv audit.log audit.log.1
At this point, the plugin is still writing to the
current log file, which has been renamed to
Connect to the server and flush the log file so the
plugin closes it and reopens a new
SET GLOBAL audit_log_flush = ON;
is greater than 0, setting
audit_log_flush has no
effect. In this case, the audit log plugin closes and
reopens its log file whenever a write to the file causes its
size to exceed the
value. The plugin renames the original file to have a
timestamp extension. For example,
audit.log might be renamed to
audit.log.13440033615657730. The last 7
digits are a fractional second part. The first 10 digits are
a Unix timestamp value that can be interpreted using the
SELECT FROM_UNIXTIME(1344003361);+---------------------------+ | FROM_UNIXTIME(1344003361) | +---------------------------+ | 2012-08-03 09:16:01 | +---------------------------+