The recommended way to install MySQL on RPM-based Linux
distributions is by using the RPM packages. The RPMs that we
provide to the community should work on all versions of Linux that
support RPM packages and use
glibc 2.3. We also
provide RPMs with binaries that are statically linked to a patched
glibc 2.2, but only for the x86
(32-bit) architecture. To obtain RPM packages, see
How to Get MySQL.
For non-RPM Linux distributions, you can install MySQL using a
.tar.gz package. See
Chapter 1, Installing MySQL on Unix/Linux Using Generic Binaries.
We do provide some platform-specific RPMs; the difference between a platform-specific RPM and a generic RPM is that a platform-specific RPM is built on the targeted platform and is linked dynamically whereas a generic RPM is linked statically with LinuxThreads.
RPM distributions of MySQL are also provided by other vendors. Be aware that they may differ from those built by us in features, capabilities, and conventions (including communication setup), and that the instructions in this manual do not necessarily apply to installing them. The vendor's instructions should be consulted instead. Because of these differences, RPM packages built by us check whether such RPMs built by other vendors are installed. If so, the RPM does not install and produces a message explaining this.
If you have problems with an RPM file (for example, if you receive
Sorry, the host
'), see Section 3.2, “Linux Binary Distribution Notes”.
xxxx' could not be looked
In most cases, you need to install only the
MySQL-client packages to get a functional MySQL
installation. The other packages are not required for a standard
For upgrades, if your installation was originally produced by installing multiple RPM packages, it is best to upgrade all the packages, not just some. For example, if you previously installed the server and client RPMs, do not upgrade just the server RPM.
If you get a dependency failure when trying to install MySQL
packages (for example,
error: removing these packages
would break dependencies: libmysqlclient.so.10 is needed by
...), you should also install the
MySQL-shared-compat package, which includes the
shared libraries for older releases for backward compatibility.
Some Linux distributions still ship with MySQL 3.23 and they
usually link applications dynamically to save disk space. If these
shared libraries are in a separate package (for example,
MySQL-shared), it is sufficient to simply leave
this package installed and just upgrade the MySQL server and
client packages (which are statically linked and do not depend on
the shared libraries). For distributions that include the shared
libraries in the same package as the MySQL server (for example,
Red Hat Linux), you could either install our 3.23
MySQL-shared RPM, or use the
MySQL-shared-compat package instead. (Do not
The RPM packages shown in the following list are available. The
names shown here use a suffix of
.glibc23.i386.rpm, but particular packages
can have different suffixes, as described later. Packages that
community in the names are Community
Server builds, available from MySQL 5.0.27 on.
The MySQL server. You need this unless you only want to connect to a MySQL server running on another machine.
The standard MySQL client programs. You probably always want to install this package.
Tests and benchmarks. Requires Perl and the
The libraries and include files that are needed if to compile other MySQL clients, such as the Perl modules. Install this RPM if you intend to compile C API applications.
debuginfoRPMs are never needed to use MySQL software; this is true both for the server and for client programs. However, they contain additional information that might be needed by a debugger to analyze a crash.
The shared libraries (
libmysqlclient.so*) that certain languages and applications need to dynamically load and use MySQL. It contains single-threaded and thread-safe libraries. Install this RPM if you intend to compile or run C API applications that depend on the shared client library. If you install this package, do not install the
The shared libraries for older releases, up to the current release. It contains single-threaded and thread-safe libraries. Install this package instead of
MySQL-sharedif you have applications installed that are dynamically linked against older versions of MySQL but you want to upgrade to the current version without breaking the library dependencies.
Packages that contain additional files for MySQL Cluster installations. These are platform-specific RPMs, in contrast to the platform-independent
MySQL-clustertoolsRPM requires a working installation of perl and the
HTML::Templatepackages. See Perl Installation Notes, and ndb_size.pl — NDBCLUSTER Size Requirement Estimator, for more information.
Packages that contain additional files for MySQL Cluster installations. These are platform-independent RPMs, in contrast to the platform-specific
The MySQL test suite.
The source code for all of the previous packages. It can also be used to rebuild the RPMs on other architectures (for example, SPARC).
The suffix of RPM package names (following the
VERSION value) has the following
CPU values indicate the type of system
for which the package is built.
PLATFORM, if present, indicates the
CPU indicates the
processor type or family.
PLATFORM value is missing (for
the package is statically linked against a version of
glibc 2.2 that has been patched to handle
larger numbers of threads with larger stack sizes than the stock
PLATFORM is present, the package is
dynamically linked against
glibc 2.3 and the
PLATFORM value indicates whether the
package is platform independent or intended for a specific
platform, as shown in the following table.
|Platform independent, should run on any Linux distribution that supports
|Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 or 5|
|SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10|
CPU value indicates the processor
type or family for which the package is built.
|Intended Processor Type or Family|
|Pentium processor or better, 32 bit|
|64-bit x86 processor|
|Itanium (IA-64) processor|
To see all files in an RPM package (for example, a
MySQL-server RPM), run a command like this:
rpm -qpl MySQL-server-
To perform a standard minimal installation, install the server and client RPMs:
rpm -i MySQL-server-shell>
rpm -i MySQL-client-
To install only the client programs, install just the client RPM:
rpm -i MySQL-client-
RPM provides a feature to verify the integrity and authenticity of packages before installing them. To learn more about this feature, see Verifying Package Integrity Using MD5 Checksums or GnuPG.
The server RPM places data under the
/var/lib/mysql directory. The RPM also
creates a login account for a user named
(if one does not exist) to use for running the MySQL server, and
creates the appropriate entries in
/etc/init.d/ to start the server
automatically at boot time. (This means that if you have performed
a previous installation and have made changes to its startup
script, you may want to make a copy of the script so that you do
not lose it when you install a newer RPM.) See
Starting and Stopping MySQL Automatically, for more information on how
MySQL can be started automatically at system startup.
If the RPM files that you install include
MySQL-server, the mysqld
server should be up and running after installation. You should be
able to start using MySQL.
If something goes wrong, you can find more information in the binary installation section. See Chapter 1, Installing MySQL on Unix/Linux Using Generic Binaries.
The accounts that are listed in the MySQL grant tables initially have no passwords. After starting the server, you should set up passwords for them using the instructions in Securing the Initial MySQL Accounts.
During RPM installation, a user named
a group named
mysql are created on the system.
This is done using the useradd,
groupadd, and usermod
commands. Those commands require appropriate administrative
privileges, which is ensured for locally managed users and groups
(as listed in the
/etc/group files) by the RPM installation
process being run by
If you log in as the
mysql user, you may find
that MySQL displays “Invalid (old?) table or database
name” errors that mention
similar files created by MySQL or operating system utilities. You
can safely ignore these error messages or remove the files or
directories that cause them if you do not need them.
For nonlocal user management (LDAP, NIS, and so forth), the administrative tools may require additional authentication (such as a password), and will fail if the installing user does not provide this authentication. Even if they fail, the RPM installation will not abort but succeed, and this is intentional. If they failed, some of the intended transfer of ownership may be missing, and it is recommended that the system administrator then manually ensures some appropriate user andgroup exists and manually transfers ownership following the actions in the RPM spec file.