FreeBSD 4.x or newer is recommended for running MySQL, because
the thread package is much more integrated. To get a secure
and stable system, you should use only FreeBSD kernels that
The easiest (and preferred) way to install MySQL is to use the
mysql-client ports available at
http://www.freebsd.org/. Using these ports
gives you the following benefits:
A working MySQL with all optimizations enabled that are known to work on your version of FreeBSD.
Automatic configuration and build.
Startup scripts installed in
The ability to use
pkg_info -L to see
which files are installed.
The ability to use
pkg_delete to remove
MySQL if you no longer want it on your machine.
It is recommended you use MIT-pthreads on FreeBSD 2.x, and native threads on FreeBSD 3 and up. It is possible to run with native threads on some late 2.2.x versions, but you may encounter problems shutting down mysqld.
Unfortunately, certain function calls on FreeBSD are not yet
fully thread-safe. Most notably, this includes the
gethostbyname() function, which is used by
MySQL to convert host names into IP addresses. Under certain
circumstances, the mysqld process suddenly
causes 100% CPU load and is unresponsive. If you encounter
this problem, try to start MySQL using the
Alternatively, you can link MySQL on FreeBSD 4.x against the LinuxThreads library, which avoids a few of the problems that the native FreeBSD thread implementation has. For a very good comparison of LinuxThreads versus native threads, see Jeremy Zawodny's article FreeBSD or Linux for your MySQL Server? at http://jeremy.zawodny.com/blog/archives/000697.html.
Known problem when using LinuxThreads on FreeBSD is:
The connection times
are not honored. The symptom is that persistent
connections can hang for a very long time without getting
closed down and that a 'kill' for a thread will not take
affect until the thread does it a new command
This is probably a signal handling problem in the thread library where the signal doesn't break a pending read. This is supposed to be fixed in FreeBSD 5.0
The MySQL build process requires GNU make (gmake) to work. If GNU make is not available, you must install it first before compiling MySQL.
The recommended way to compile and install MySQL on FreeBSD with gcc (2.95.2 and up) is:
CC=gcc CFLAGS="-O2 -fno-strength-reduce" \ CXX=gcc CXXFLAGS="-O2 -fno-rtti -fno-exceptions \ -felide-constructors -fno-strength-reduce" \ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --enable-assembler gmake gmake install cd /usr/local/mysql bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql bin/mysqld_safe &
Be sure that your name resolver setup is correct. Otherwise,
you may experience resolver delays or failures when connecting
to mysqld. Also make sure that the
localhost entry in the
/etc/hosts file is correct. The file
should start with a line similar to this:
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.your.domain
FreeBSD is known to have a very low default file handle limit.
File' Not Found and Similar Errors. Start the
server by using the
for mysqld_safe, or raise the limits for
the mysqld user in
/etc/login.conf and rebuild it with
cap_mkdb /etc/login.conf. Also be sure that
you set the appropriate class for this user in the password
file if you are not using the default (use
mysqld_safe — MySQL Server Startup Script.
FreeBSD limits the size of a process to 512MB, even if you have much more RAM available on the system. So you may get an error such as this:
Out of memory (Needed 16391 bytes)
In current versions of FreeBSD (at least 4.x and greater), you
may increase this limit by adding the following entries to the
/boot/loader.conf file and rebooting the
machine (these are not settings that can be changed at run
time with the sysctl command):
kern.maxdsiz="1073741824" # 1GB kern.dfldsiz="1073741824" # 1GB kern.maxssiz="134217728" # 128MB
For older versions of FreeBSD, you must recompile your kernel
to change the maximum data segment size for a process. In this
case, you should look at the
LINT config file for more
If you get problems with the current date in MySQL, setting
TZ variable should help. See