In order to call mysql_execute_command (the function that executes a statement) for a prepared statement and not damage its parse tree, we backup and restore the active Query_arena of THD.
We don't want the garbage created during execution to be left
in the permanent arena of the statement. To ensure that, every
statement is executed in the runtime arena of
THD. In other words, the arena which was
mysql_stmt_execute was called
is used as the runtime arena of the statement during its
allocate thd->query with parameter markers
('?') replaced with their values: the new query is allocated
in the runtime arena. We'll need this query for general,
binary, error and slow logs.
The execution plan created at prepare stage is not saved (see
Section 16.2, “Preparation of a Prepared Statement”), and
at execute we simply create a new set of JOINs and then
prepare and optimize it. During the first execution of the
prepared statement the server may perform non-destructive
transformations of statement's parsed tree: normally that
would belong to a separate step executed at statement prepare,
but once again, this haven't been done in 4.1 or 5.0. Such
must use the permanent arena of the prepared
statement (saved in
Whenever we need to perform a permanent transformation, we
THD::activate_stmt_arena_if_needed to make
the permanent arena active, transform the tree, and restore
the runtime arena. To avoid double transformations in such
cases, we track current state of the parsed tree in
This state may be one of the following:
INITIALIZED — we're in statement
INITIALIZED_FOR_SP — we're in
first execution of a stored procedure statement.
PREPARED — we're in first
execution of a prepared statement.
EXECUTED — we're in a subsequent
execution of a prepared statement or a stored procedure
CONVENTIONAL_EXECUTION — we're
executing a pre-4.1 query.
One can use helper methods of
to check this state
contains a flag for the state of each subquery in a complex
statement. A separate variable is needed because not all
subqueries may get executed during the first execution of a
Some optimizations damage the parsed tree, for example, replace leaves and subtrees of items with other items or leave item objects cluttered with runtime data. To allow re-execution of a prepared statement the following mechanisms are currently employed:
A hierarchy of
st_select_lex::cleanup() methods to
restore the parsed tree to the condition of
right-after-parse. These cleanups are called in
after the statement has been executed.
In order to roll back destructive transformations of the
parsed tree, every replacement of one item with another is
THD::change_list by using
THD::change_item_tree(). In the end of
execution all such changes are rolled back in reverse
if (!(fld= new Item_field(from_field))) goto error; thd->change_item_tree(reference, fld);
If a transformation is a non-destructive, it should not be
registered, but performed only once in the permanent
memory root. Additionally, be careful to not supply a
pointer to stack as the first argument of
change_item_tree(); that will lead to
stack corruption when a tree is restored.
OR subtrees of
are created anew for each execution. It was easier to
implement in 4.1, and the approach with change record list
used in (b) could not have been used for
transformations, because these transformations not only
replace one item with another, but also can remove a
complete subtree. Leafs of
OR subtrees are
not copied by this mechanism because currently they are
not damaged by the transformation. For details, see
No other mechanism exists in the server at the moment to allow re-execution. If the code that you're adding transforms the parsed tree, you must use one of the mechanisms described above, or propose and implement a better approach.
When execution is done, we rollback the damage of the parsed tree.